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Iceland is 102,775 km2 and with a population of only 329,100 inhabitants, our playing ground is quite big. Iceland is number 13 on the Human Development Index (HDI). The country lies between latitudes 63° and 68° N, and longitudes 25° and 13° W, just south of the arctic circle. Iceland is located on both the Iceland hotspot and the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, which runs right through it. This location means that the island is highly geologically active with many volcanoes, notably Hekla, Katla and Bárðarbunga. The volcanic eruption of Laki in 1783–1784 caused a famine that killed nearly a quarter of the island’s population.In addition, the eruption caused dust clouds and haze to appear over most of Europe and parts of Asia and Africa for several months afterwards and affected climates in other areas. The only native land mammal when humans arrived was the Arctic fox, which came to the island at the end of the ice age, walking over the frozen sea. On rare occasions, bats have been carried to the island with the winds, but they are not able to breed there. Polar bears occasionally come over from Greenland, but they are just visitors, and no Icelandic populations exist. There are no native or free-living reptiles or amphibians on the island.
(Source – Wikipedia)